Egypt is the second largest recipient of foreign assistance from the U.S. after Israel, receiving nearly USD 79 billion in bilateral foreign aid between 1946 and 2017. In FY 2019, Egypt received USD 1.42 billion in foreign assistance mainly from the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). Other assistance came from the Department of Agriculture and the U.S. Trade and Development Agency (USTDA). However, Egypt spent only 15% of the appropriated funding, an equivalent of USD 213.6 million. For FY 2020 and FY 2021, the Trump Administration requested a total of USD 1.38 billion in foreign assistance for Egypt, over 90% of which comes as Foreign Military Financing (FMF).
Over the past two decades, U.S. Economic Support Fund (ESF) assistance to Egypt has been reduced by around 86.5%, from USD 833 million in FY 1998 to USD 112.5 million for FY 2019 . The steep decline results from previous years in which large sums of obligated money were not utilized. Meanwhile, the Trump Administration has yet to reverse or otherwise modify the Obama-era decision to eliminate a form of procurement known as cash flow financing (CFF), which allows Egypt to repay arms purchases over a longer time period. Other foreign assistance categories include Nonproliferation, Anti-Terrorism, Demining and Related (NADR) programs, International Military Education and Training (IMET) and International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement (INCLE) programs.
Top Recipients of U.S. Foreign Assistance (USD million)